Sunday, March 7, 2010

The Architecture and Tile of Portugal

Sao Vicente de Fora is a landmark on the north side of Lisbon in the old Alfama district. The church was finished in 1627 and was designed by an Italian architect. A former Augustinian Monastery is adjacent to the church. This church holds the tombs of many of the former kings and queens of Portugal.
The Torre de Belem was built in 1515-1521 as a fortress at the entrance to Lisbon in the Tagus River. It has become a symbol of the age of discovery by the great Portuguese explorers. It is very close to the Jeronimos Monastery, below. Both the Torre de Belem and the Jeronimos Monastery are examples of the Manueline architectural style, which is named after the Portuguese king who popularized it. One of its features is a twisted rope motif on vertical columns. My husband and I liked it so much that we picked out a twisted rope pattern for his wedding band, so we are reminded of our visit to Portugal every time we see his ring.
This is a view from an archway in the cloister of the Mosteiro de Jeronimos, looking towards one of its towers. The monastery and cathedral are an architectural gem, with intricate stone carvings and exquisite tile work.
Lisbon features many buildings where ceramic tiles are used as an exterior building material. Here is an example of the facade of a house with tiles that would be at home in a palace.
This is a sample of the tile work decorating the inside of the Jeronimos Monastery.
This is a view of the central part of Sintra, a delightful town in the high country near the Atlantic Coast west of Lisbon. There are two palaces there, one in town and the Pena Palace on a hill top outside of town. This was a favorite retreat for Portuguese royalty from the 14th - 19th centuries.
The village of Estoril has been a resort that was popular as a residence for exiled royalty from other European countries. Here you can see from the traps and nets on the main square that it is still a fishing village as well as a resort town.
The Palacio de Queluz is the summer palace of the Portuguese kings and queens. Like some other palaces in other European countries, it was expanded from a hunting retreat into a palace n the 1700's. It features a Rococo style and has elaborate gardens, typical of the imitation of Versailles that seems to have spread to so many European monarchies during that era.

10 comments:

JM said...

Your choice is great! I think it gives an accutare general idea of the whole thing regarding Lisbon and surroundings. Wonderful work, Julie and Dave! And I love that Sintra pic! :-)

brattcat said...

It's wonderful to hear JM's response to this particular series of sunday adventures. I also love that Sintra pic. It's that splash of red, I think. Excellent travel shots, once again.

brattcat said...

Oops, I was thinking of the Esterol pic, not the Sintra, when I referenced the splash of red.

glenda said...

I agree with JM Sintra pic. is very special. The fact that you used the twisted rope design for dave,s ring shows your love for Portugal.

Phivos Nicolaides said...

Wow! This is so beautiful!

Gunn said...

Superb shots!!
I am now your follower number 54 on this blog!
I will be back.

Terry said...

Beautiful photos and I love the bits of history and other info you share.

Uma por Dia said...

Nice tour you had around Lisbon. Captions are really awesome among whith the photos. I like specially the one about Estoril. Hope you had a good time here :)

Tash said...

Wonderful selection of photos! I'm sold and have added it to my list of must see places.

Joanne said...

You came to our country! You seem to have been to all the right places, I hope you enjoyed it. Great pictures:)

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